The Main Symptoms of Thyroid Disease in Men
Thyroid disease can affect everyone, but it usually affects women more frequently than men. Statistics show that 5-8 women tend to get diagnosed with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, for every man diagnosed with it.
While thyroid diseases like hypothyroidism is often perceived as a woman’s disorder, men can be affected by this condition as well. Thyroid disease in men causes the same symptoms as that in women. The thyroid’s ability to perform is mainly affected by two types of conditions. These conditions result from an autoimmune process in the body which prompts the immune system to think of different parts of the thyroid gland as foreign invaders.Men can be affected by the following two thyroid conditions:
When there is an overabundance of the thyroid hormone it results in a condition known as Grave’s disease which is responsible for hyperthyroidism. The classic symptoms of this condition are anxiety, eye-bulging, weight loss, tremors, fatigue, diarrhea, increased appetite, heat intolerance, irritability, palpitations, and hormonal disturbances. People afflicted with this condition tend to experience hair loss as well. Symptoms such as irritability, mood changes, muscle pain, muscle loss/weight loss are some of the more common symptoms reported by men.
An underactive thyroid results in a common condition called Hashimoto’s disease which causes hypothyroidism. The symptoms of hypothyroidism usually include forgetfulness, depression, fatigue, slowed metabolism, weight gain, dry skin, muscle cramps, joint pain, stiffness, cold intolerance, weakness, infertility, hormonal irregularities, and loss of ambition.
Hypothyroidism is a condition which tends to cause several symptoms in men that are more apparent than any other symptoms of thyroid disease in men.
1 Mood swings
Thyroid disease in men even has an impact on their mood producing changes in it like irritability, aggression, depression, and mania. While this could be caused by the fluctuation of thyroid hormones, it can also be due to thyroid antibodies being present.
The metabolic rate is slowed down by hypothyroidism. This impairs the release of enzymes which causes the body to store more calories than it expends. This is frustrating for men who despite following a good diet and fitness regimen see weight gains instead of weight loss. However, without having this condition checked out, it will be difficult to lose weight with changes in their diet and fitness alone.
Slow metabolic processes caused by thyroid disease in men can lead to mental impairment. This is because it affects cognition. Although this mechanism is not completely understood, some research has suggested that neural pathways can be affected by thyroid disease as well. This is due to the fact that the blood flow and oxygen to the brain s decreased leading to symptoms like memory loss, impaired language and executive function, impaired attention and concentration, slowed perceptual and visuospatial function.